Presentation Schedule June 11, 2019

Room 1 • 08:15-12:20

Examination Committee: Saad Mubeen, Thomas Nolte, Cristina Seceleanu, Daniel Sundmark, Moris Behnam
Room: Kappa


08:15 - 09:00

DVA428

Performance Study and Analysis of Time Sensitive Networking

Haris Suljic, Mia Muminovic
Advisor: Mohammad Ashjaei
Examiner: Saad Mubeen

Abstract: Modern technology requires reliable, fast, and cheap networks as a background for the data transmission. Among many available solutions, switched Ethernet combined with Time Sensitive Networking (TSN) standard excels because it provides high bandwidth and real-time characteristics by utilizing low-cost hardware. For the industry to acknowledge this technology, extensive performance studies need to be conducted, and this thesis provides one. Concretely, the thesis examines the performance of two amendments IEEE 802.1Qbv and IEEE 802.1Qbu that are recently appended to the TSN standard. The academic community understands the potential of this technology, so several simulation frameworks already exist, but most of them are unstable and undertested. This thesis builds on top of existent frameworks and utilizes the framework developed in OMNeT++. Performance is analyzed through several segregated scenarios and is measured in terms of end-to-end transmission latency and link utilization. Attained results justify the industry interest in this technology and could lead to its greater representation in the future.


09:05 - 09:50

DVA428

Optimizing Inter-core Data-Propagation Delays in Multi-core Embedded Systems

Emir Hasanovic, Hasan Grosic
Advisor: Saad Mubeen
Examiner: Thomas Nolte

Abstract: The demand for computing power and performance in real-time embedded systems is continuously increasing, since new customer requirements and more advanced features are appearing every day. To support these functionalities and handle them in a more efficient way, multi-core computing platforms are introduced. These platforms allow for a parallel execution of tasks on multiple cores, which in addition to its benefits to the system’s performance, introduces a major problem regarding the timing predictability of the system. That problem is reflected in unpredictable inter-core interferences, which occur due to shared resources among the cores, such as the system bus. This thesis investigates the application of different optimization techniques for the offline scheduling of tasks on the individual cores, together with a global scheduling policy for the access to the shared bus. The main effort of this thesis focuses on optimizing the inter-core data propagation delays which can provide a new way for creating optimized schedules. For that purpose, Constraint Programming optimization techniques are employed and a Phased Execution Model of the tasks is assumed. Also, in order to enforce end-to-end timing constraints that are imposed on the system, job-level dependencies are generated prior, and subsequently applied during the scheduling procedure. Finally, an experiment with a large number of test cases is conducted to evaluate the performance of the implemented scheduling approach. The obtained results show that the method is applicable for a wide spectrum of abstract systems with variable requirements, but also open for further improvement in several aspects.


09:55 - 10:40

DVA428

Creation of a Technology Independent Design Flow

Anton Urvantsev
Advisor: Nils Muellner
Examiner: Cristina Seceleanu

Abstract: Modern embedded systems development poses new challenges to a designer due to the global reachability of the contemporary market. One product shipped to different countries or customers should satisfy varying conditions, standards and constraints. Variability of a developed system should be taken into account by a designer. In a case of the embedded heterogeneous systems, this problem becomes challenging. Along with the variability heterogeneity of a system introduces new tasks, which should be addressed during design process. In this work, we propose a technology independent design flow. The proposed solution is supported by state-of-the-art tools and takes into account variability, partitioning, interfacing and dependency resolving processes. This thesis is conducted as a case study. We explored a design process of an industrial project, identified existing challenges and drawbacks in the existing solutions. We propose a new approach to a design flow of heterogeneous embedded systems. Also, a tool, supporting the presented solution, is implemented, which would allow a developer to include this approach into everyday design flow in order to increase a development speed and enable a task automation.


10:45 - 11:30

DVA428

Mapping HW Resource Usage Towards SW Performance

Benjamin Suljević
Advisor: Jakob Danielsson
Examiner: Moris Behnam

Abstract: "With the software applications increasing in complexity, description of hardware is becoming increasingly relevant. To ensure the quality of service for specific applications, it is imperative to have an insight into hardware resources. Cache memory is used for storing data closer to the processor needed for quick access and improves the quality of service of applications. The description of cache memory usually consists of the size of different cache levels, set associativity, or line size. Software applications would benefit more from a more detailed model of cache memory. In this thesis, we offer a way of describing the behavior of cache memory which benefits software performance. Several performance events are tested, including L1 cache misses, L2 cache misses, and L3 cache misses. With the collected information, we develop performance models of cache memory behavior. Goodness of fit is tested for these models and they are used to predict the behavior of the cache memory during future runs of the same application. Our experiments show that L1 cache misses can be modeled to predict the future runs. L2 cache misses model is less accurate but still usable for predictions, and L3 cache misses model is the least accurate and is not feasible to predict the behavior of the future runs."


11:35 - 12:20

DVA503

DECISION-MAKING FOR AUTONOMOUS CONSTRUCTION VEHICLES

Marielle Gallardo, Sweta Chakraborty
Advisor: Saad Mubeen, Ning Xiong
Examiner: Daniel Sundmark

Abstract: Autonomous driving requires tactical decision-making while navigating in a dynamic shared space environment. The complexity and uncertainty in this process arise due to unknown and tightly-coupled interaction among traffic users. This thesis work formulates an unknown navigation problem as a Markov decision process (MDP), supported by models of traffic participants and user space. Instead of modeling a traditional MDP, this work formulates a Multi-policy decision making (MPDM) in a shared space scenario (pedestrian and vehicle). The employed model enables unified and robust self-driving of the ego vehicle by selecting a desired policy of along the pre-planned path. Obstacle avoidance is coupled within the navigation module performing a detour off the planned path obtains a reward on task completion and penalizes for collision with others. In addition to this, the thesis work is further extended by analyzing the real-time constraints of the proposed model. The performance of the implemented framework is evaluated in a simulation environment on a typical construction (quarry) scenario. The effectiveness and efficiency of the choice policy to verify the desired behavior of the autonomous vehicle.

12:25 - 14:10: LUNCH BREAK

Room 1 • 14:15-16:40

Examination Committee: Mikael Ekström, Ning Xiong, Daniel Sundmark
Room: Kappa


14:15 - 15:00

DVA502

Design of a multi-camera system for object identification, localisation, and visual servoing

Ulrik Åkesson
Advisor: Fredrik Ekstrand
Examiner: Mikael Ekström

Abstract: "In this thesis, the development of a stereo camera system for an intelligent tool is presented. The task of the system is to identify and localise objects so that the tool can guide a robot. Different approaches to object detection have been implemented and evaluated and the systems ability to localise objects has been tested. The results show that the system can achieve a localisation accuracy below 5 mm."


15:05 - 15:50

DVA502

Real-Time Pupillary Analysis By Intelligent Embedded System

Alexandra Hengl, Mujtaba Hasanzadeh
Advisor: Martin Ekström, Adnan Causevic
Examiner: Ning Xiong

Abstract: With no online pupillary analysis methods today, both the medical and the research fields are left to carry out a lengthy, manual and often faulty examination. A real-time, intelligent, embedded systems solution to pupillary analysis would help reduce faulty diagnosis, speed-up the analysis procedure by eliminating the human expert operator and in general, provide a versatile and highly adaptable research tool. Therefore, this thesis has sought to investigate, develop and test possible system designs for pupillary analysis, with the aim for caffeine detection. A pair of LED manipulator glasses have been designed to standardize the illumination method across testing. A data analysis method of the raw pupillary data has been established offline and then adapted to a real-time platform. ANN was chosen as classification algorithm. The accuracy of the ANN from the offline analysis was 94% while for the online classification the obtained accuracy was 17%. A real-time data communication and synchronization method has been developed. The resulting system showed reliable and fast execution times. Data analysis and classification took no longer than 2ms, faulty data detection showed consistent results. Data communication suffered no message loss. In conclusion, it is reported that a real-time, intelligent, embedded solution is feasible for pupillary analysis.


15:55 - 16:40

DVA502

AUTOMATED TESTING OF ROBOTIC SYSTEMS IN SIMULATED ENVIRONMENTS

Sebastian Andersson, Gustav Carlstedt
Advisor: Alessandro Papadopoulos, Eduard Paul Enoiu
Examiner: Daniel Sundmark

Abstract: With the simulations tools available today, simulation can be utilised as a platform for more advanced software testing. By introducing simulations to software testing of robot controllers, the motion performance testing phase can begin at an earlier stage of development. This would benefit all parties involved with the robot controller. Testers at ABB would be able to include more motion performance tests to the regression tests. Also, ABB could save money by adapting to simulated robot tests and customers would be provided with more reliable software updates. In this thesis, a method is developed utilising simulations to create a test set for detecting motion anomalies in new robot controller versions. With auto-generated test cases and a similarity analysis that calculates the Hausdorff distance for a test case executed on controller versions with an induced artificial bug. A test set has been created with the ability to detect anomalies in a robot controller with a bug.

 

Room 2 • 08:15-11:40

Examination Committee: Moris Behnam, Mikael Ekström, Elisabeth Uhlemann, Mats Björkman
Room: Gamma


08:15 - 08:45

DVA333

Soft Migration from Traditional to Software Defined Networks

Liver Toma, Darian Mohammed
Advisor: Mohammed Ashjaei, Svetlana Girs
Examiner: Moris Behnam

Abstract: The concept of Software Defined Networking (SDN) may be a way to face the fast growing computer network infrastructure with its demands and requirements. The concept is attracting the interest of enterprises to expand their respective network infrastructures, but one has to consider the impacts of migrating from an existing network infrastructure to an SDN network. One way that could minimize the impacts is to proceed a soft migration from a traditional IP network to SDN, creating what is so called a heterogeneous network. Instead of fully replacing the network infrastructure and face the impacts of it, the idea of the soft migration is to replace a part of it with an environment of SDN and examine the performance of it. This thesis work will analyse the performance of a network consisting of a traditional IP network combined with SDN. It is essential during this work to identify the differences in performance when having a heterogeneous network in comparison with having a dedicated traditional IP network. Therefore, the questions that will be addressed during this thesis work is to examine how such a heterogeneous network can be designed and measure the performance of it in terms of throughput, jitter and packet losses. By the method of experimentation and the studying of related works of the SDN fundamentals, we hope to achieve our goals with this thesis work, to give us and the reader a clearer insight.


08:50 - 09:20

DVA333

Development of Combined Data Communication and Two Way Ranging for IEEE 802.15.4 UlraWideband Systems / Utveckling av kombinerad datakommunikation och Two Way Ranging för IEEE 802.15.4 UltraWidebandsystem

David Pantzar , Antti Westermark
Advisor: Martin Ekström, Henrik Falk
Examiner: Mikael Ekström

Abstract: Wireless communication between nodes is achieved by sending data over the wireless medium. In order to have communications interact different standards have been developed. One such standard is 802.15.4 with UWB PHY, designed such that the signal transmission becomes interference-resistant and invisible to other standards. UWB is often used for location and positioning, but the standard design also allows for a contemporary data transfer. However, it was unclear with what performance this could be implemented. Therefore, the data communication performance has been investigated. The hypothesis that was followed during the work posits that ''by sending data between the positioning pulses, the use of the same unit for positioning and data communication is made possible, and that the system's performance is then affected by the MAC method.'' Three questions arose from this hypothesis. Which MAC method is suitable for both positioning and data transfer? Is it possible to use the system for both positioning and data transmission by sending data between the positioning pulses? What communication performance can be achieved when the system is used for both positioning and data transfer? In this work the hypothesis and the research questions are verified with the intended purpose that it could be of help in the field of robotics and also as an alternative to WiFi, due to UWBs robustness and invisibility characteristics. An iterative process has been utilized throughout this work to build a system which could solve the combined positioning and data communication. In the following performance tests the hypothesis is verified, provided that the parameters used are correct.

Sammanfattning: Trådlös kommunikation mellan noder sker genom att skicka data över det trådlösa mediet, för att få kommunikationen att samspela har flertalet standarder utvecklats. En av dessa standarder är 802.15.4 med UWB PHY vars utformning är av en sådan karaktär att signalöverföringen blir störningstålig och osynlig för andra standarder. UWB används ofta till lokalisering och positionering, men kan även användas till en samtida dataöverföring då standardens utformning tillåter detta. Det var dock oklart med vilken prestanda detta kunde genomföras. Därför har den datakommunikationsprestandan undersöks. Den hypotes som följdes under arbetet var att ''genom att skicka data mellan positioneringsimpulserna möjliggörs användandet av samma enhet för positionering och datakommunikation, systemets prestanda påverkas då av MAC-metoden''. Ur hypotesen kom det tre frågeställningar: Vilken MAC-metod är lämplig för både positionering och dataöverföring? Är det möjligt att använda systemet för både positionering och dataöverföring genom att skicka data mellan positioneringsimpulserna? Vilken kommunikationsprestanda kan uppnås när systemet används för både postionering och dataöverföring? I arbetet bevisas hypotesen samt frågeställningarna med syftet att detta kunde komma att hjälpa till inom exempelvis robotiken, men även som ett alternativ till WiFi då UWB är både störningståligt och osynligt för andra standarder. Den iterativa metoden användes för att utveckla ett system som kunde lösa den kombinerade positioneringen och datakommunikationen. I prestandatesterna gick det att utläsa att hypotesen stämde förutsatt att parametrarna är korrekt.


09:25 - 09:55

DVA333

DYNAMIC BANDWIDTH ALLOCATION FOR WIRELESS NODES WITH SOFTWARE DEFINED NETWORKING IN HETEROGENEOUS NETWORKS

Thomas Jädal, Dirk Postol Dissel
Advisor: Mohammad Ashjaei, Svetlana Girs
Examiner: Moris Behnam

Abstract: "In the wireless computer networks of today, there is a limitation on how wireless access points handle bandwidth distribution to wireless nodes, both in Software Defined Networking (SDN) solutions and in traditional networks with routers and switches. The limitation is the lack of control of the node bandwidth usage. Quality of Service exists, but it limits the bandwidth on the access point or the switch and not on the node itself. Thus, when several nodes connect to a single wireless access point, they compete for bandwidth, and therefore there is a need to allocate bandwidth to the nodes directly. Through the use of SDN, it would be possible to make this dynamic access control work with rapidly changing networks, both wired and wireless. This thesis is a proof of concept with actual hardware, and answers the question on how we can implement dynamic bandwidth allocation in a heterogeneous network with SDN and how to make it dynamic with the adding and removal of nodes. The solution achieves the dynamic bandwidth allocation by running a program in parallel to the SDN controller together with additional software on the nodes. The solution makes it possible to share the bandwidth between nodes and through priorities manipulate how much of the total bandwidth each node receives in comparison to the other nodes. The measured results show that the program has a manageable overhead and works with several nodes. The thesis aims to widen the view on viable SDN approaches and inspire future research on wireless SDN solutions."


10:00 - 10:30

DVA333

Designing a lab assignment for studying real-time embedded systems

Rasmus Rännar, Miika Mustaniemi
Advisor: Elena Lisova
Examiner: Elisabeth Uhlemann

Abstract: Embedded systems are all around us in the modern world and continue to evolve as time passes. Therefore, it is important to keep the knowledge in the field evolving, and education is a big part of it. This thesis focuses on how to design a lab assignment for a course about embedded systems with the stress on networking. Embedded systems have reliability and timeliness requirements, which will have to be accounted for when designing the network of the system. The work started with a literature study of communication protocols and how they support the requirements imposed by the embedded systems. Using this knowledge hardware was evaluated and chosen. With the lab assignment in mind, Arduino Zero was chosen as the platform as well as three network modules: Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and Zigbee. The hardware was used to implement a simple embedded system consisting of two nodes: a sensor node and a controller node. The sensor node sends the data to the controller which then acts upon the data. Three program were written, each with its own communication solution (time-triggered, event-triggered and a hybrid solution) and then tested in different environments. From the results of the tests, guidelines were formulated about how to design an assignment and what hardware to use. A general guideline was also created describing a lab assignment step by step. We recommended switching the platform from Arduino Zero to Arduino Uno to reduce the amount of workarounds needed to get the system running. Having more than one communication protocol also proved valuable since the students could show their knowledge by argumenting for their choice of protocol.


10:35 - 11:05

DVA333

Impact of using cloud-based SDN controllers on the network performance

Alexander Magnusson, Johannes Henriksson
Advisor: Mohammad Ashjaei, Svetlana Girs
Examiner: Mats Björkman

Abstract: Software-Defined Networking (SDN) is a network architecture that differs from traditional network planes. SDN has tree layers: infrastructure, controller, and application. The goal of SDN is to simplify management of larger networks by centralizing control into the controller layer instead of having it in the infrastructure. Given the known advantages of SDN networks, and the flexibility of cloud computing. We are interested if this combination of SDN and cloud services affects network performance, and what affect the cloud providers physical location have on the network performance. These points are important when SDN becomes more popular in enterprise networks. This seems like a logical next step in SDN, centralizing branch networks into one cloud-based SDN controller. These questions were created with a literature studies and answered with an experimentation method. The experiments consist of two network topologies both locally hosted SDN (baseline) and cloud hosted SDN. The topology used Zodiac FX switches and Linux hosts. The following metrics was measured: throughput, latency, jitter, packet loss, and time to add new hosts. The conclusion is that SDN as a cloud service is possible and does not significantly affect network performance. One limitation with this thesis was the hardware, resulting in big fluctuation in throughput and packet loss.


11:10 - 11:40

DVA333

Efficient patch management/Effektiv patchhantering

Magnus Karlsson
Advisor: Stefan Löfgren
Examiner: Mats Björkman

Abstract: Organizations are exposed to constant security threats from the internet and penetration tests reveal just how vulnerable networks are when software and hardware patching aren’t up to date. Patch Management is the field in which anything related to patching of software and other various equipment falls under. As of today, Patch Management faces great challenges and the purpose of this study is to understand how the process can be made more efficient. Historically, a common issue has been the number of patch releases, which has made it cumbersome for organizations to stay up to date. Standardization bodies, such as IEC and NIST recommend that patches are tested in test environments before being installed to the production environment, to make sure no unintended consequences arise from faulty patches. Through interviews with professionals working in Patch Management, it became clear that there are ways to stay up to date, but partly through disregarding recommended best practice. Automated tools ease the Patch Management process to great extents but there are still areas that remain non-automated. The testing process has been largely ignored by organizations whose networks are connected to the internet, because said process is much too inefficient. Their answer to the problem of staying up to date is to solve problems quickly that arise through faulty patching, rather than test patches over longer periods of time. Their reasoning being that leaving known vulnerabilities unpatched is more damaging to the network.

Sammanfattning: Organisationer är utsatta för ständiga säkerhetshot på internet och penetrationstester uppdagar hur sårbara nätverken är när mjuk- och hårdvara inte är uppdaterade. Uppdateringar i IT-sammanhang kallas ”patchar” och det finns en arbetsprocess kallad patch management, som ansvarar för hur mjukvara och annan utrustning uppdateras för att göra nätverket säkrare. Idag finns stora utmaningar i arbetsprocessen och denna studie undersöker hur arbetet kan effektiviseras. Ett problem historiskt sett har varit att det släppts för många patchar, vilket gjort det svårare för organisationer att hålla sig uppdaterade. Enligt rekommendationer från standardiseringsorgan ska patchar helst testas innan de implementeras, för att undvika eventuella följdproblem som kan uppstå. Genom intervjuer med personer som har ansvar för patch management, visades att det finns framgångsrika metoder för att hålla systemen uppdaterade, men delvis genom att bortse från vissa rekommenderade arbetsmetoder. Automatiserade verktyg underlättar processen till stor del men det finns delprocesser som ännu inte har blivit fullgott automatiserade. Test av patchar har närmast helt förbigåtts i organisationer vars nätverk är anslutna mot internet, därför att testprocessen i dagsläget tar för mycket tid. Slutsatsen som dragits är att det är att säkrare att snabbt lösa eventuella problem som uppstår på grund av en dålig patch, hellre än att testa patchar under långa perioder, eftersom nätverket är sårbart så länge ett känt säkerhetshål inte har täppts igen.

 

Room 3 • 08:15-11:40

Examination Committee: Daniel Hedin, Sasikumar Punnekkat, Ning Xiong , Adnan Causevic, Gabriele Capannini, Jan Carlson
Room: Lambda


08:15 - 08:45

DVA331

Web Accessibility Directive: a Case Study for Developing a Tool to fulfill the Requirement of the Directive/Webbtillgänglighetsdirektivet: fallstudie för framtagning av verktyg för att uppfylla kraven i direktivet

Erika Weilander
Advisor: Rikard Lindell
Examiner: Daniel Hedin

Sammanfattning: "I Januari 2019 så verkställdes lagen för Webbtillgänglighetsdirektivet. Detta innebär att samtliga webbplatser som inkluderas inom den offentliga sektorn ska anpassas efter särskilda riktlinjer. Webbtillgänglighetsdirektivet är en effekt av en lagstiftning från Europeiska Unionen som vill skapa en harmoniserad tillgänglighetsstandard bland dess medlemsstater. Många företag som arbetar med webbutveckling omfattas av detta direktiv men brister i deras arbetssätt på hur de ska täcka de punkter som direktivet vill att deras webbplatser ska uppnå. Därför är högst lägligt att undersöka hur företag kan få in de krav direktivet ställer i sin arbetsprocess. Att göra detta skulle gynna företag ekonomiskt men även öka tillgängligheten för alla olika typer av användare.

Målet med detta arbete är att se över hur företag som är omfattade av direktivet arbetar med tillgänglighet i dagsläget samt hur direktivet kommer förändra hur de arbetar i framtiden. Utöver detta så ska arbetet undersöka hur anställda på företagen ser på tillgänglighet och om det finns en medvetenhet kring direktivet hos de personer som arbetar med webbutveckling. Arbetet ska även se över ifall det finns något verktyg som kan hjälpa företag uppfylla de krav som direktivet ställer innan en webbplats publiceras.

För att besvara dessa frågeställningar genomfördes en litteraturstudie på Webbtillgänglighetsdirektivet. Efter att ha identifierat kärnan i direktivet och de riktlinjer så lades en grund att genomföra intervjuer med anställda på företag som arbetar inom webbutveckling och tillgänglighet på webb för att kunna få ta del av deras syn på tillgänglighet samt medvetenhet kring direktivet. För att sedan identifiera hur direktivet kommer påverka framtida arbeten genomfördes analyser av två webbplatser som är utvecklade efter en tidigare upplaga av de riktlinjer som ska följas enligt direktivet. Verktyget som företag ska använda resulterade i en checklista där samtliga krav som direktivet ställer finns listade. Utifrån denna checklista kan företag undvika missar av de krav direktivet ställer och därmed dra en ekonomisk vinst men även tidigare se till att alla användare kan använda webbplatsen på samma villkor."

Link to the thesis: http://www.idt.mdh.se/examensarbete/index.php?choice=show&lang=en&id=2148


08:50 - 09:20

DVA331

DESIGNING A HUMAN CENTERED INTERFACE FOR A NOVEL AGRICULTURAL MULTI-AGENT CONTROL SYSTEM

Fredrik Arvidsson
Advisor: Afshin Ameri, Rikard Lindell
Examiner: Sasikumar Punnekkat

Abstract: "The subject of this report is The Command and Control (CaCS) system which is a component whose purpose is to simplify planning, scheduling and surveying work done on a farm in a goal oriented way. CaCS is part of a larger project, the Aggregate Farming in the Cloud platform (AFarCloud), whose purpose is to simplify the use of contemporary technology to increase the efficiency of farms. AFarCloud is an EU project spanning between 2018 to 2020 and as such, the CaCS is in it’s infancy. Since the intended users of AFarCloud and CaCS is small to medium sized agricultural businesses, the interface of the CaCS should be constructed in such a way that it is useful and easy to learn. In order to live up to those standards, a combination of live interviews, prototype evaluations and a comparison with similar software was performed and then compared with the International Standard document on Human-Centered Design for Interactive Systems (ISO 9241-210). The results indicate that a modular interface, where only the information relevant for the unique user’s farm is displayed, is preferable in order to increase the usability of the CaCS. Furthermore, use of icons and explanatory text must be made in consideration of the mental models of the users in order to improve learnability and avoid confusion."


09:25 - 09:55

DVA331

EMPIRICAL STUDIES OF MULTIOBJECTIVE EVOLUTIONARY ALGORITHM IN CLASSIFYING NEURAL OSCILLATIONS TO MOTOR IMAGERY

Christoffer Parkkila
Advisor: Miguel Leon Ortiz
Examiner: Ning Xiong

Abstract: Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) enables direct communication between a brain and a computer by recording and analyzing a subject’s neural activity in real-time. Research in BCI that classifies motor imagery (MI) activities are common in the literature due to its importance and applicability, e.g., stroke rehabilitation. Electroencephalography (EEG) is often used as the recording technique because its non-invasive, portable and have a relatively low cost. However, an EEG recording returns a vast number of features which must be reduced to decrease the computational time and complexity of the classifier. For this purpose, feature selection is often applied. In this study, a multiobjective evolutionary algorithm (MOEA) was used as feature selection in a high spatial and temporal feature set to (1) compare pairwise combinations of different objectives, (2) evaluate the relationship between the specific objective pair and their relation to model prediction accuracy, (3) compare multiobjective optimization versus a corresponding linear combination. The results show that correlation feature selection (CFS) obtained the best performance between the evaluated objectives which were also more optimized than a linear combination when classified with support vector machine (SVM).


10:00 - 10:30

DVA331

MEASURING TEST COVERAGE IN EMBEDDED SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT BRANCHES

Zaid Abed Jaser, Osamah Haitham Sabhan Al-Braichi
Advisor: Daniel Sundmark
Examiner: Adnan Causevic

Abstract: Most of the hardware products today, especially those that people interact with, are controlled by software. There are many devices with inbuilt software which many people do not bother to notice. Software may be critical in terms of strict quality requirements due to failures which enable risks of endangering the production and more importantly the lives of people. The testing team of Westermo Network Technologies AB faced a challenge with not being able to identify the coverage of tested cases in software. Identifying the coverage of total executed test cases enables the possibility of knowing the potential future quality of a software. By reaching such a stage a software will likely not suffer from failures due to higher quality, therefore the lives of people and the production at stake will not get harmed. The essential problem is that test cases are both tested and skipped, which makes it more difficult for the company to identify what has been actually tested and skipped. The purpose of this thesis is to identify and calculate the coverage of test cases, the process was mainly to understand the essence in the identification of executed test cases. The ethical aspect of putting people's lives at stake is what inspired us to investigate software failures. Software is typically tested before a release, therefore our investigation was to research testing process of software. When investigating test result over many days and test systems we developed a coverage calculator system which helps Westermo to decide and determine the release of tested software, either the software test result is acceptable for a release or not.


10:35 - 11:05

DVA331

Measuring Situation Awareness in Mixed Reality Simulations

Viking Forsman
Advisor: Rikard Lindell
Examiner: Gabriele Capannini

Abstract: "Off-highway vehicle, such as excavators and forklifts, are heavy machines that are capable of causing harm to humans or damage property. Therefore, it is necessary to be able to develop interfaces for these kind of vehicles that can aid the operator to maintain a high level of situational awareness. How the interface affects the operators’ situational awareness is consequently an important metric to measure when evaluating the interface. Mixed reality simulators can be used to both develop and evaluate such interfaces in an immersive and safe environment.

In this thesis we investigated how to measure situational awareness in a mixed-reality off-highway vehicle simulation scenario, without having to pause the scenario, by cross-referencing logs from the virtual environment and logs from the users' gaze position. Our method for investigating this research question was to perform a literature study and a user test. Each participant in the user test filled out a SART post-simulation questionnaire which we then compared with our measurement system. "


11:10 - 11:40

DVA331

Eliciting correlations between components selection decision cases in software architecting

Mohamed Ali Ahmed
Advisor: Antonio Cicchetti
Examiner: Jan Carlson

Abstract: "A key factor of software architecting is decision-making process. All phases of software development contain some kind of decision-making activities. However, the software architecture decision process is the most challenging part. To support decision-making process a research project named ORION provided a knowledge repository that contain a collection of decision cases. To utilize the collected data in an efficient way, eliciting correlations between decision cases needs to be automated. The objective of this thesis is to select appropriate method(s) for automatically detecting correlations between decision cases. To do this, an experiment was conducted using a dataset of collected decision cases that are based on a taxonomy called GRADE. The dataset is stored in the Neo4j graph database. Neo4j platform provide a library of graph algorithms, which allow to analyse a number of relationships between connected data. In this experiment the Similarity algorithms is used to find correlated decisions, and to analyse results a Community detection algorithm is used. Some Similarity algorithms gave many groups of correlated decision cases where each group consisted of few cases, while other the algorithms gave the opposite result."

Link to the thesis: http://www.idt.mdh.se/exjobb2/thesis.php?id=2247